Erosion is the loss of tooth enamel caused by an acidic attack. Enamel is the hard, protective, white coating of the tooth, which protects the sensitive dentine underneath.
Causes dental erosion:
Every time you eat or drink anything acidic, the enamel on your teeth becomes softer for a short while, and loses some of its mineral content. Your saliva will slowly cancel out this acidity in your mouth and get it back to its natural balance.
Bulimia is a condition where patients force themselves to be sick so that they lose weight. Because there are high levels of acid in the vomit, this can cause damage to tooth enamel.
Acids produced by the stomach can come up into the mouth.
Prevent dental erosion:
The Academy of Dentist Leicester offers these easy to follow tips to prevent tooth erosion:
After eating or drinking acidic foods or beverages, rinse your mouth with water so that the acid will be neutralized.
Wait at least an hour before brushing your teeth after consuming acidic foods or beverages to allow the teeth to remineralize after the acid exposure.
Cut back on carbonated drinks and try replacing them with water, milk or unsweetened coffee and tea.
Use a straw when drinking carbonated beverages or other sweet drinks, such as natural fruit juices, which are very acidic. A straw enables the liquid to go quickly to the back of your mouth instead of washing over the teeth.
Swallow acidic liquids quickly instead of swishing them around or holding them in your mouth.
Chewing sugar-free gum can help reduce dry mouth and increase the saliva flow, allowing for your teeth to remineralize.
Always use a soft toothbrush and toothpaste that contains fluoride. Fluoride can help to reduce tooth sensitivity.
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